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                                【能源】到2040年全球能源消耗將增長48%

                                時間:2016-05-18   來源:中國能源網  作者:  字號:小中大

                                近來,美國能源信息管理局(EIA)發布“2016國際能源展望”,預計2012-2040年全球能源消耗將增長48%。

                                根據EIA發布的聲明,能源消耗增長主要將來自非經合組織國家,包括強勁經濟增長驅動需求的國家,尤其是亞洲國家。

                                報告指出,非經合組織的亞洲國家,包括中國和印度,到2040年將占全球能源消耗總增長的一半多。

                                礦物燃料

                                EIA表示,煤炭是全球消耗增長最慢的能源,到2040年每年僅增長0.6%。

                                報告指出前三大煤炭消耗國分別是中國、美國和印度,總計消耗量占全球煤炭消耗的70%多。

                                “目前,僅中國就占全球煤炭總消耗的近一半,但是放緩的經濟,實施政策應對空氣污染和削減二氧化碳排放的計劃意味著中國的煤炭消耗將在2012-2040年的后幾年開始下滑。”


                                清潔液態燃料

                                報告稱:“作為比煤炭、石油具有更低的碳密度,天然氣是消耗增長最快的礦物燃料。全球天然氣消耗將每年增長1.9%。致密氣、頁巖氣和煤層氣的增加供應對于天然氣的消耗增長起促進作用。”

                                雖然以石油為基礎的液態燃料仍是最大的能源來源,但是液態燃料在全球能源消耗中的份額預計從2012年的33%下降到2040年的30%。

                                從長遠來看隨著油價上漲,許多能源使用者會采用更節能的技術,并在可行情況下遠離液態燃料。

                                全球的清潔步伐

                                根據EIA,可再生能源和核電是到2040年消耗增長最快的能源。

                                到2040年,可再生能源消耗將每年平均增長2.6%,核電消耗每年增長2.3%。

                                “盡管非礦物燃料消耗增長預計快于礦物燃料,但是到2040年礦物燃料仍占全球能源消耗的3/4。”EIA解釋道。


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